First use of oil painting at bamyan in afghanistan predating dating game font

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The investigation revealed that the paints in the Bamiyan caves are made up of very finely powdered inorganic material, which are the pigments that provide color.Since they couldn't stick to the walls on their own, they were mixed with liquids in a paste that could adhere: these were organic binders like oil, resin, or glue.The oldest of the manufactured pigments, white lead is a white powder that has been used since ancient times in paints and cosmetics.© National Research Institute for Cultural Properties, Tokyo (NRICPT)Three hundred samples were taken from the paintings in the 50 caves that housed the frescoes.It all goes back to March 2001, when in Bamiyan, central Afghanistan, the Taliban destroyed two giant Buddha statues, probably dating from between the middle of the 6th and 7th centuries AD.The destruction of this heritagea crime against cultureshocked the world.Two types of routine analyses were used to identify the various ingredients: X-ray diffraction and infrared spectroscopy.Using the first method, scientists discovered various pigments, and a large amount of white lead.

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Further work carried out by an American team suggests this may be an oil manufactured from walnuts or poppy seeds.Yet behind the two stone giants, a hidden treasure of a different kind was uncovered: around 50 caves with walls decorated with religious frescoes that must have been made between the 5th and 9th centuries AD.Probably painted by monks or travelers passing through on the Silk road, they represent Buddhas, patterns and scenes related to Buddhist mythology.Since that time it has never regained its former glory. In 1840 Bamiyan was the scene of fighting in the First Anglo-Afghan War.

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